Bringing a new puppy or dog home is a huge commitment and a three-fold responsibility. You now have a commitment to your dog, yourself, and to your community.
Spaying or neutering your dog is just another responsibility that you must think about when bringing a puppy or dog into your home. And, if you’ve already brought one home, the time to start thinking about you and your pet’s future together is now.
Unless you are a professional breeder, there is no reason not to have your dog spayed or neutered. Let’s take a look, quickly, at the differences of each.
Spaying vs. Neutering
A female dog is spayed and a male is neutered. The operation is a removal of the animal’s reproductive organs. The operation tends to be a little more expensive for female dogs as the veterinarian has to make an incision and sew up the animal’s lower abdomen. In a male dog, however, the scrotum is opened and the reproductive organs are removed.
The operation is also a little quicker for male dogs. The age and health of your dog will cause recovery time to vary.
A long time ago in the United States, older dogs were the only ones spayed or neutered as they had a greater chance of survival than puppies. However, with advances in sterilization, the operation is usually done when a puppy is around six months of age. Some veterinarians will do the operation a little sooner, around three to five months. Older dogs can also be spayed or neutered, but you should talk to your vet about the appropriate time, especially for female dogs. The operation should occur well after a heat cycle (Estrus).
There are many benefits to spaying or neutering your dog. Female dogs undergo a heat cycle for six or seven days, three times per year. While female dogs, unlike cats, remain somewhat controllable during Estrus, it will save you headaches, clean up, and every male dog in the neighborhood coming over for a visit to your front yard.
Spayed or neutered pets live longer, happier and healthier lives. Spayed dogs (females) have no chance at developing uterine or ovarian cancer, as these organs have been removed. Studies show that spayed animals have a less likely chance of developing breast cancer.
Neutered dogs (males) are less likely to wander off and explore. The dog will also be less aggressive in his play or when outside on his own. He will not play as rough, nor will he bite as often. This, of course, all depends upon the training your dog receives as well.
Spayed or neutered dogs tend to be more affectionate and loving. They usually display calmer temperaments and are more enjoyable to play with and be around. Neutered pets are less likely to urinate on every tree or post they pass. Does it cause weight gain?
Some people believe that spayed or neutered animals tend to have problems with weight gain. While spayed or neutered animals tend to be more docile, there is no relationship with the surgery and weight gain. In other words, it all depends upon proper playtime (exercise) and diet, not whether your pet is spayed or neutered.
There are many places that you can contact regarding information or to schedule an appointment for your dog. Contact an animal shelter, your vet or contact SPAY USA. There are grants and monies available for those who may not have the funds to pay for all of the surgery.
The responsibility rests with you. This small step will mean a more fulfilling life for you, your dog and not to mention, for your community.
Spaying of the Female dog
Spaying of the female dog is undertaken to control the unwanted pregnancy by the crossing of some unknown or country or non-descript dogs. The spaying of the dog reduces the aggressiveness of the dog. By spaying, one can reduce the incidences of the commonly encountered reproductive diseases like pyometra.
Spaying also helps to control the population in case of stray animals and many nations are doing these operations by removing the ovaries from the female animals. Experienced veterinarians are required to do the spaying in case of female dogs and postoperative care is to be given more emphasis. If proper control measures are not taken after the surgical operation for the removal of ovary, then the infections may start setting in and the animal may end up in the development of peritonitis and then toxemia sets in, causing unwanted dog health problems.
Death of the dog may finally occur, if the dog is not provided an effective and proper veterinary care. A female dog that is spayed before the occurrence of first heat will have almost a zero chance of development of mammary cancer, which is more common with the dogs that are not spayed.
A female dog generally comes to heat once in eight months or so. During the heat occurrence, there is bleeding from vagina and the dog may cross with the unwanted male and the spaying activity prevents all these. In case of aged dogs, the dog may often get signs of increased thirst, anorexia, vomiting etc. that are so common with pyometra.
Pyometra means the presence of pus in the uterus. Once pyometra occurs, it involves many discomforts to the animal in addition to the cost factor involved for the therapy also. Such pyometra is totally prevented by spaying because in the case of spaying, you are removing both ovaries and the uterus.
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Spaying or Neutering your Dog
Spaying or neutering of dogs is highly wanted if you don’t want to breed the dogs and however, these activities need to be carried out by qualified veterinarians specialized in pet care and management. Anesthesia is required along with due surgical procedures for carrying out the spaying or neutering.
One has to understand first the terms like spaying or neutering. Both are related to the surgical approaches of sterilization in the case of females and males respectively. However, the term neutering is also related to such procedures in both sexes. Accidental pregnancies that are not wanted can be highly minimized by these procedures.
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Spaying or neutering helps to prevent the occurrence of pyometra, which is a common reproductive disorder-giving problem to the dog owners. In male dogs, neutering helps to prevent the occurrence of prostate enlargement or cancer. Hence, these help to minimize the incidences of reproductive disorders in dogs.
By these spaying or neutering, the male dog’s desire in search of a female dog in heat is highly minimized and hence, the wandering of a male dog is reduced. The animal becomes calm also by these surgical remedies. The territorial behavior of these animals is also highly minimized by these in the case of male dogs.
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Spaying of your dog before the occurrence of first heat is the best one to avoid the incidence of breast cancer. If the dog is spayed after the first heat, the chances of occurrence of breast cancer in them is more and has been proved by research. A younger group of dogs needs to be subjected to these operations to avoid complications in the future.
Many veterinarians prefer the spaying or neutering of dogs only at the age of five to six years. However, these can be performed even at the age of three to five years. Postoperative care needs to be followed meticulously to avoid the occurrence of infections by microbial organisms.
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